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Inside Akwa Ibom

History of Ibibio, Socio-cultural Heritage, Origin and the People



Did you know?
…that Ibibio people has about 10million people across Nigeria?
Yes, they do. In Akwa Ibom alone they dominate the state.

Ibibios are seen in all the three senatorial districts.

In Eket Senatorial districts they are in Onna, Mkpat Enin, Ikot Abasi, part of Eket.
In Ikot Ekpene they are in Ini and Ikono which is even the origin of the Ibibio people.

The Annang, Ekid, Oron, Ibeno and Obolo shares personal names, culture and traditions with the Ibibios. They speaks closely related dialects.

The origin of Ibibios

Ibibio people were originated from Afaha lineage whose original home was Usak Edet in Cameron.

Usak Edet is popularly known as Edit Afaha (Afaha creek).

However, following the Aro-Igbo-Ibibio war of 1550AD, the Ibibios moved southward and found a virgin and empty land in Ikono.

The Ibibios first settled in Ikono from where they migrated or dispersed to further places becoming the aboriginal people of the present Ibibio lands.

Ikono in the present day Ikono Local government which is under Ikot Ekpene senatorial district is the origin of Ibibio.

Ikono Ibom moved to Ikot Oku Ikono village.

Ikot Oku Ikono village now in Uyo Local Government Area, which is referred to as Ikono Ibom Uyo, a clan carved out of the main Ikono Ibom.

Iman Ibom moved to Ekom Iman, now in Etinan Local Government Area and Nsit Ibom moved to Afia Nsit now in Nsit Ibom. The three regards themselves as blood brothers and children of “IBOM”.

The three children of IBOM upon their final aboriginal settlement, Etefia who is the principal actor in Ikono Ibom Uyo clan, settled in Ikot Oku Ikono and founded the Ikono Anyaan and Ikot Ekpeyak Ikono are stock and children of Ikono Ibom, they have shared  similar social, traditional and cultural Milieu.

Ekom Iman is a place which Iman Ibom settled and planted the Ekom tree (coula edulis) from which the name of the settlement is derived, Ekom (coula edulis) planted by Iman one of the sons of Ibom. Iman had children and some of them migrated to expand the Iman Ibom clan such villages like Ikot Obioinyang, Afagha Effiate and the entire Iman Ibom clan.

Upon the death of Iman Ibom, his spirit metamorphose into the Iman Ibom clan deity “The Itina Iman deity” and oyot is the clan deity – totem hence it is a taboo to kill or eat such mythical beast and Ebre is the totem of Ikono Ibom clan, they forbid the killing or maiming of this mythical animal. Nsit Ibom moved to Afia Nsit where there was water and settled there, and his children spread to Mbak Nsit and other places of that clan.

The Nsit Ibom totem is Iyak Anyan – the Anyan Nsit deity. They all have shared an similar characteristics of social, traditional as well as cultural Milieu and formed the centre of this study.

Before the entrance of the colonial masters that brought “civilization and Christian”+ religion” to the people there were mechanism for self rule, maintenance of law and order and effective political organization.

The ibibios used culture and socio-religious organizations such as Ekpo, Ekpe, Ebre, Ibaan Isong, Akata, Nnabo, Ekong, Ikpa—udoh to enforce law and order in their domain.

Ibibios has a very large population in Cameron, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana. They migrate to many part of the world mostly in the Sub-Saharan region.

The Ibibio people are lovely people, accommodating, sociable and their men love their wives mostly.
They marry one wife